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English words på svenska

Smallish print: This list aims to show similarities between the English and Nordic languages. The list and all contents, including individual words, are copyrighted material and may not be leased, lent, sold, or disposed of. Recycling is permitted. Disuse will be reported to the appropriate authorities.

Note: Throughout the remainder of this page English words are shown in red, and Swedish words in blue. Other languages / dialects are shown in black within brackets [ ]

Observera: Här nedanför visas engelska ord i rött, och svenska ord i blått. Andra språk / dialekter visas i svart inom klammer [ ]

English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
acre measure of land, lands, estates = åker tilled field (pronounced "awker")
agape open-mouthed = gapa having the mouth open
alder alder-tree (Latin: alnus) = al Swedish dialect Jamska: årrdra, årrder (pronounced "awrdder")
asunder broken, apart = sönder broken
aurochs wild ox, now extinct = uroxe wild ox, now extinct
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
ballast a filling material, like in ships = ballast a filling material, like in ships or in roads
balk squared timber, beam = balk squared timber, beam
bane death = bane, baneman death, slayer (respectively)
bant diet, slim = banta to be on a diet
beck brook = bäck brook, small stream (pronounced "beck")
behoof, behove, behoove needed, ought to = behov need
beleaguer besiege = belägra besiege (pronounced "beh-layh-grah")
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
bereave deprive of = beröva bereave, deprieve of (pronounced "beh-reu-vah")
bleak cold and cheerless, exposed = blek pale (complexionwise)
blot stain = blot human or animal sacrifice, involving blood
bode anticipate (also forebode) = båda anticipate, forebode (pronounced "baw-dah")
booth hut, stall = bod hut, shed, shop (pronounced "bood")
bulwark rampart = bålverk bulwark (pronounced "bawl-verk")
by'law local law = from Scandinavian by meaning village, hamlet
byways small/country road (as in "highways and byways") = byväg village road (literally meaning)
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
cackle chattering sound a hen makes = kackel chattering sound a hen makes
corbie Scotland: raven = Icelandic: hrafn (pronounced "hravn"), Swedish: korp
cruse small earthenware jar or pot = krus earthenware jar or pot
crux anything that puzzles very much = krux anything that puzzles very much
curt short, brief, abrupt = kort short (pronounced "cohrt")
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
edge cutting side of blade = egg cutting side of blade
to egg on incite = egga to egg on, to incite
flay to strip off skin = flå to strip off skin (pronounced "flaw")
fleck spot on skin, freckle, speck = fläck spot, speck (pronounced "fleck")
flee run away from = fly run away from (pronounced "flee")
fleet glide away, pass quickly = flyta float
flit go away, change dwelling = flytta to change dwelling
fodder animals food = foder animals food
fold enclosure for sheep = fålla enclosure for sheep (pronounced "faw-lah")
font bowl for baptismal water = dopfunt bowl for baptismal water (dop = baptism)
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
gaffer elderly rustic, old man, foreman =   Norwegian: goffa = godefar = (great-) grandfather
gangling lanky = gänglig lanky (pronounced "yenglig")
gape wide open, like mouth = gapa open mouthed
garth yard, garden = gård farm, farmyard
gasp catch breath with open mouth = gäspa to yawn (pronounced "yes-pah")
gleam a shine, a glitter = glimt a gleam, a flash
glimmer a shine, a glitter = glittra, glimma to shine/glitter/glimmer
gnat small fly, small mosquito = knott small fly, small mosquito
gosling young goose = gåsling? young goose (pronounced "gaws-ling")
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
hale drag, draw = hala to draw, like on a rope
halt lame, limp = halt, halta lame, limp
hap happen, happen by chance = hipp som happ it's all the same, it doesn't matter
hasp clasp passing over a staple for fastening door = hasp clasp passing over a staple for fastening door
haulm, halm stalks (of beans etc.) = halm straw
hawker one who carries wares for sale = hökare shop-keeper, etc.
holm, holme (small island?) = holme, -holm small island
hose stockings = hosor long stockings (old term)
husband male spouse = husbonde master of the house, hus = house, bonde = male farmer
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
kale cabbage, cole = kål cole (pronounced "cawl")
ken (kenned, kend) Scotland: know, recognise = känna know, be familiar with; ("känt" past tense)
kirk Northern England and Scotland: church = kyrka church (Norwegian: kirke)
knoll small rounded hill = berg-knalle small rounded hill of stone in the landscape
last model of foot on which shoes are made = läst (same meaning as in English?)
lea piece of meadow or open ground = Swedish dialect Jamska: le = opening in fence or (stone) wall
lee side that is away from wind = lee, leeward
lekker South African English: delicious, tasty = läcker tasty, delicious (pronounced "lecker")
loft attic, space between top floor and roof = loft attic, space between top floor and roof
meagre lean, thin, scanty = mager lean, thin
murk thick darkness = mörk = dark(pronounced murk), mörker = darkness
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
nave hub of wheel = nav hub of wheel
neighbour one who lives near another = Norwegian: nabo = neighbour (literally "near-resider"
ness (mostly in Scotland) headland, cape = näs headland, cape
nip pinch sharply = nyp, nypa a pinch, to pinch (respectively)
nook sheltered corner = nock, taknock crest/top of roof (on a roof that is not flat)
numskull fool, light idiot = dumskalle literally: dumb scull
page boy servant or attendant = Swedish dialect Skånska: påg = boy (pronounced "pawgh")
(to) page summon by sending page to call the name  
pale stake, boundary ("paling" = fencing) = påle pole, stake (made of wood)
palisade fence of stakes = palissad fence of stakes
prate talk idly, chatter = prata to talk
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
raise lift up, elevate = resa lift up, raise (Old Norse: raisa = raise
rake draw, sweep, like gather hay, etc. = raka (same meaning as in English)
ransack search thoroughly, pillage, plunder = rannsaka search, examine thoroughly
rap smart slight blow = rapp, piskrapp blow, blow with whip
roup in Scotland and Canada: (expose for) sale by auction = rop shout, scream
rucksack pack carried on back, backpack, knapsack = ryggsäck literally "back sack"
scarf part cut away from each of two pieces of timber to be joined longitudinally, cut a scarf on, as for joint in timber = skarv joint, seam, splice
scathe injury, harm = skada injury, harm
scum froth or other floating matter on liquid = skum froth (on liquid)
scum vile person = skum shady, suspicious
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
skelm skelum, good-for-nothing, rascal, cunning, dishonest (person) = skälm rogue, rascal
skew slanting, crooked = skev slanting, crooked
skulk sneak out of the way, lurk = skolka play truant from school = skolka från skolan = failure to attend school
smelt small fish = Swedish dialect Jamska: smäling = small whitefish (whitefish = Latin Coregonus lavaretus)
smelt extract metal by melting ore = smälta melting ore, to melt (something)
spar pole, beam = sparr, bjälke beam, joist (Scottish Gaelic: sparr = a beam, a joist)
spew vomit = spy vomit
spike nail, pointed bar of steel, etc. = spik steel nail
spill pour out = spill, spilla (to) pour out inadvertently
spinster one who spins, unmarried woman = Swedish dialect Jamska: suffix -ster, as in bakster = baking woman, etc.
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
spire pointed part of steeple, pole, etc. = spira spire
spook ghost, to frighten = spöke ghost
spoon (eating instrument) = spån wood chip, wood splinter (wooden spoon, English word spoon originates from spån) Scottish Gaelic: spain = spoon
spoor trail of wild animals, scent = spår track, trail, trace
staff pole = stav staff, stick
stake sharpened stick or post = stake stake, pole
stalk stem of plant = stjälk stem of plant
stall compartment in stable, stand for selling goods = stall stable (building for horses)
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
stamp put down foot with force = stampa put down foot with force
stature bodily height = Swedish dialect Jamska: statur = bodily height
stead place = Nordic: sted = place
strafe punish = straff, straffa punishment, to punish (respectively)
stub tree stump, end part of any object = stubbe tree stump (remains of felled tree)
stuff material, fabric = stoff stuff, parts of fabric
stump stump = stump stump
swart dark in colour = svart black
English word: explanation in English: similar Swedish or Nordic word etc:    meaning in English:
tale story, number, count = tal number, a speech
tang kind of sea weed = tång sea weed (pronounced "tong")
tarn small mountain lake = tjärn (small) forest lake
thole bear, undergo = tåla tolerate, endure
thole, thole-pin pegs between which oars works = årtull pegs between which oars works
thorp, thorpe hamlet, village = torp croft
thrall slave, bondman = träl thrall, slave
thral'dom in bondage, slavery = träldom slavery
tide season, time = tid time
tidings news = tidender news
tract space of land = trakt area of land
wax grow, increase = växa to grow, increase

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